Run Node as service in Linux
You will need an upstart or init script. I recommend upstart as it's the default in Ubuntu and much easier then an init script. Here's the script I use for my daemons:
#!upstart description "Some useful info for your colleagues or future self" author "Your name" # # Copy this script to /etc/init/ # Don't forget to create a new user # # set a variable which is the name of a file this job will use # to pass information between script sections. env NAME="myNodeScript" # make the variable accessible to all script sections (ie sub-shells) export NAME # Dependencies start on startup or started nginx stop on shutdown or stopping nginx respawn script export HOME="/tank/nodejs/$NAME" echo $$ > /var/run/$NAME.pid exec sudo -u $NAME /usr/bin/nodejs /tank/nodejs/$NAME/$NAME.js 2>&1 >>/tank/logs/log/nodejs/$NAME.log | tee -a /tank/logs/log/nodejs/$NAME.log | mail firstname.lastname@example.org -s $NAME #exec sudo -u $NAME /usr/bin/nodejs /tank/nodejs/$NAME/$NAME.js >> /tank/logs/log/nodejs/$NAME.log 2>&1 end script pre-start script # Date format same as (new Date()).toISOString() for consistency echo "[`date -u +%Y-%m-%dT%T.%3NZ`] (sys) Starting" >> /tank/logs/log/nodejs/$NAME.log end script pre-stop script rm /var/run/$NAME.pid echo "[`date -u +%Y-%m-%dT%T.%3NZ`] (sys) Stopping" >> /tank/logs/log/nodejs/$NAME.log end script
Make sure you replace /tank/nodejs/ with the path to Your Node.JS script. /tank/logs/log/nodejs/ to where you want the log files to go. And email@example.com to your own e-mail address. Or use the line below it if you do not want to have errors mailed to you.
You should create a new user, with the same name as the script:
And give it read and write access where needed. Or add the user to a group that has the rights needed.
You can now start, stop or restart the daemon just like any other service!
sudo service myNodeScript restart sudo service myNodeScript stop sudo service myNodeScript start
Written by Johan Zetterberg April 17th 2015.